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The Republic of Indonesia first saw light on August 17, 1945, when its independence was proclaimed just days after the Japanese surrender to the Allies. Pancasila became the ideological and philosophical basis of the Republic, and on August 18, 1945 the Constitution was adopted as the basic law of the country.

Proclamation of the Republic of Indonesia

When World War II broke out in Europe and spread to the Pacific, the Japanese occupied the Dutch East Indies as of March 1942, after the surrender of the Dutch colonial army following the fall of Hong Kong, Manila and Singapore. On April 1, 1945, American troops landed in Okinawa. Soon after, on August 6 and 9, the United States dropped Atom bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A few days later, on August 14, 1945, the Japanese surrendered to the Allied Forces. That occasion opened the opportunity for the Indonesian people to proclaim their independence.

Three days after the unconditional Japanese surrender, on August 17, 1945, the Indonesian national leaders Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence on behalf of the people. The proclamation was brief, concise and reads as follows:

Proclamation - We, the people of Indonesia, do hereby proclaim the Independence of Indonesia. All matters pertaining to the transfer of Power etc., will be carried out expediently and in the shortest possible time. Jakarta, August 17, 1945. On behalf of the Indonesian People - Soekarno - Hatta

The proclamation, which took place at 58, Jalan Pegangsaan Timur, Jakarta, was heard by thousands of Indonesians throughout the country because Indonesian radio personnel using the transmitters of the Japanese-controlled radio station, JAKARTA Hoso Kyoku, secretly broadcast the text. An English translation of the proclamation was broadcast overseas.

Proklamasi: Sukarno at the microphone on August 17, 1945.
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