Indonesian nationality is governed by Act No. 62
of 1958. It defines an Indonesian national as a person who, since
the beginning of independence on August 17, 1945, qualifies for
citizenship under the existing laws.
Further, a person whose mother is an Indonesian national, but
whose father's nationality is unknown or whose father is
stateless. shall quality for Indonesian citizenship. Also, a
person who was born in Indonesia from unknown parents, or an
orphan whose parents are unknown, or a person born in Indonesia
who does not inherit any nationality from his/her parents, shall
qualify for Indonesian citizenship.
A five year old child, who is adopted by foster parents of
Indonesian nationality, shall qualify for Indonesian nationality
if the foster parents apply to a court to legitimize the adoption
within one year and request is granted.
A child born from a legitimate marriage of an Indonesian mother
and an alien father shall, in the event a divorce is granted by
the court, quality for Indonesian nationality if he/she so
A child born from a legitimate or illegitimate marriage between an
alien father and an Indonesian mother is entitled to become an
Indonesian national if he/she applies to the Minister of Justice,
having abandoned his/her alien nationality according to the law of
the foreign country or in accordance with an agreement concluded
between Indonesia and a foreign country. In such case a child
shall submit the application within a year after reaching the age
of 18. To obtain the Indonesian nationality, aliens must fulfill
the following conditions:
a. Have reached the age of 21 or over;
b. Were born in Indonesia or have lived in Indonesia
continuously for 5 years, or interruptedly for 10 years;
c. Have a fair command of the Indonesian language and knowledge
of Indonesian history, and have never been convicted by a court
for a breach of law or for any act against Indonesia;
d. Have the consent of the wife/husband;
e. Are mentally and physically healthy;
f. Pay a fee of not less than Rp500 and not more than Rp
10,000, which shall be decided by the court, taking into
consideration the applicant's income;
g. Have permanent employment;
h. Have no other nationality or have abandoned his/her
nationality which is in conformity with an agreement on dual
nationality reached between Indonesia and the foreign country.
An alien married woman is not entitled to apply for Indonesian
citizenship. However, the Indonesian nationality may be granted to
aliens who have proved meritorious and have served the interest of
Indonesia. Such nationality shall be granted with the approval of
the House of Representatives.
An alien wife of an Indonesian national is entitled to Indonesian
citizenship if she so wishes and makes a statement to that effect
within a year of the marriage. This does not apply if the husband
has abandoned his Indonesian nationality.
An Indonesian woman married to an alien husband shall lose her
Indonesian nationality if she makes a statement to this effect
within a year of her marriage.
Indonesian nationality obtained by a husband shall automatically
apply to his wife except where she, after acquiring the Indonesian
nationality, does not abandon her alien nationality.
If a person loses his/her Indonesian nationality, his wife/her
husband also loses it, except both of them are stateless.
A person who has lost his/her Indonesian nationality by marriage
can regain it if the marriage is broken off and the person applies
for it. Such an application shall include a statement of the
divorce and be submitted to a court or an Indonesian diplomatic
A child under the age of 18 who is not married and retains his/her
kinship with the father who has not yet acquired the Indonesian
nationality, qualifies for Indonesian nationality if he/she lives
permanently in Indonesia.
If a widow or widower obtains Indonesian nationality, her/his
child shall be entitled to the same provided that the latter is
under 18 years of age and not married. This also applies to
children under 18 and not married, born to parents who have lost
their Indonesian nationality.