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Office Hours and National Holidays

Business hours are flexible, depending on numerous variables because of the country's attempt to accommodate the separate religious schemes, Islamic calendar with the Gregorian. Therefore banks and offices close early on Friday for the Islamic Sabbath. Saturday is a partial work day in Indonesia and Sunday is a day of rest.

In general the government office hours usually starts at 08.00 am and finish at 05.00 pm except for Saturdays when office hours are usually shorter but some government office are closed. This is also applied for banks and private offices. Bank branches in hotels may stay open longer hours, and moneychangers until the evening. Shops are open from 8 am to 9 pm but some shops close between 12 am and 2 pm. The bigger shopping centers are mostly open between 8.30 am to 8 pm and sometimes also on Sunday. Sunday is the public holiday but many shops and sometimes also airline offices are open in the morning. The labor working rules suggest 8 working hours a day plus 1 hour for meal time and 40 hours working days in a week.

As mentioned before, Religion is a way of life for Indonesia and especially Bali where there are no days without ceremony and offerings. There are only five major religion in Indonesia: Muslims (90% of total population), Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, and Buddhism and each of these has their own official holidays in a year.

National Holidays

1 January

New Year's Day

Late March to late April

The Balinese New Year by the caka calendar falls in March on the spring Equinox . It is celebrated by a day of absolute stillness, 'Nyepi', when no fires may be lit, no transport taken and no work done. For 24 hours Bali look, like a deserted, dead island free of any pollution. On the eve of Nyepi, demon-appeasing sacrifices are held everywhere. That night, a great commotion is made to chase demons away, sometimes accompanied by torch processions of huge bamboo and paper monsters (Ogoh-ogoh). The day to celebrate the coming down of knowledge from the Goddess of Knowledge as a pure enlightenment for the wisdom of life. It comes on Saturday Umanis Watugunung. It is mostly celebrated in schools, education centers, and in the homes of the priests.

March/April

Good Friday

April 21

Kartini Day, another national holiday. 
The History about Kartini Day
Raden Ajeng Kartini was a born on 21 April 1879 as the daughter of the regent of Jepara in Java and became the first emancipated and nationalist woman in Indonesia. When she started to write letters to her friends, Raden expressed her feelings about the restrictions of the adat system and the Islamic customs. Raden Ajeng Kartini died at the age of 24 and her letters are published to a real modern classics. On Kartini day all women use their traditional dressing and like on mothers day the mothers do not the work - it should be done by the fathers and children.

May/June

Ascension Day

May/June

Wesak (anniversary of the Buddha's birth). It is celebrated on the full moon.

August 17

The national holiday, which is the Independence Day (Proklamasi Kemerdekaan). See History of Indonesia

December 25

Christmas Day - hari natal

 

February 19,2002

Indonesia to mark Chinese New Year
The president of Indonesia, Megawati Sukarnoputri, has declared that Chinese lunar New Year will be a national holiday starting from next year. Speaking at a lunar new year celebration, she said she had decided to declare the day a public holiday for the sake of national solidarity. Ethnic Chinese in Indonesia have only been allowed to openly celebrate lunar New Year for two years. Former President Suharto imposed a series of decrees banning the Chinese population from practising their religion or culture in 1967. The government had blamed Chinese communists for an abortive coup attempt two years before that, which led to the killings of hundreds of thousands of people. Correspondents say there is still much resentment against ethnic Chinese, who make up only about 5% of Indonesia's population, but control 80% of its wealth. 
From the newsroom of the BBC World Service

National holidays by the Islamic calendar

Festivals advance 10 or 11 days each year as the Islamic year has only 355 or 354 days.

Idul Fitiri

marketing the end of the month-long fast of Ramadan and the start of Lebaran. Ramadan Bulan Puasa - traditional Muslim fasting from sunrise to sunset. The Ramadan falls in the ninth month of the Muslim calendar.

Idul Adha

festival of sacrifice, celebrating the submission of Abraham to Allah.

Tahun Baru Hijriah

Islamic new year

Manulud Nabi Muhammad

Birthday of Muhammad

Isra Mikraj Nabi Muhammad

Ascension of Muhammad

Regional festivals

Galungan

Galungan is literarally a celebration of the creation of the universe, in which the Supreme God. Creator of the Universe is worshipped, and all ancestral spirits are called to come down to earth and dwell again in the homes of their descendants. Welcoming offering are placed in the family shrines and graceful ’penjor’ tall arching bamboo decorated with leaves and flowers, as well as small bamboo altars beading intricately woven palm-leaf ’lamaks’, placed at the gate of each home. All of Bali seems to be out on the roads, every one sporting brand-new clothes, intent on visiting friends and enjoying the day of holiday.

Kuningan

Ten days after Galungan, this is the day on which the ancestors are bidden farewell with more offerings and freshly woven ‘lamak’, and the Barongs take to the roads coverting along with their troups of following children.

Bersih Desa

a typical Indonesian holiday, which literally means: cleaning the villages. Bersih Desa is celebrated at the time of rice harvest but nowadays it's only celebrated in small villages. By "cleaning" the village people remove the evil spirits from the villages.

 
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